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8 December 2015

The #COP21 in 12 figures

Between 30 November and 11 December, the 21st United Nations Conference on Climate Change is taking place at Le Bourget. 12 days of discussions and negotiations which should lead to a universal and binding agreement to keep global warming below 2°C. How many participants, objectives and organisational staff are there? Here are 12 figures to know concerning the COP 21.
Content published under the Government Valls II from 2014 26th August to 2016 11th February

150 150

More than 150 Heads of State and Government are expected at the COP 21. The main world leaders attended the opening of the Paris Conference on 30 November, including US President Barack Obama, Chinese President Xi Jinping, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Russian President Vladimir Putin.


The COP 21 should lead to a new "binding" and "universal" climate agreement, applicable to all countries, with the aim of keeping global climatic warming below 2°C. French President François Hollande stated, in his speech opening the conference on 30 November, that he would like this limit to be lowered to "1.5°C, if possible." If nothing is done, the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) predicts a rise in temperatures of between 0.3 and 4.8°C by 2100. Limiting warming to 2 degrees is already ambitious as it means greatly limiting our greenhouse gas emissions and not using substantial fossil fuel resources. Going beyond 2 degrees would mean major climatic disruption with large sea level rises and a great increase in the number of extreme weather events. These changes have severe consequences for agricultural production and climatic displacement. Find out more about the issues at stake at the COP 21


This was the date of the signature of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by the parties. Signed in Rio de Janeiro, this convention is an international treaty intended to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming.


This is the number of participants (195 countries + the European Union) in the "Conference of Parties", the COP. The supreme body of the UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), the COP is a supra-national conference on climate change. Each year, the participants in this conference meet to decide the measures to implement to limit global warming.


The 21st annual Conference of Parties is taking place in Paris in 2015. Since 1995, the COP has brought together the 196 parties, each year, in a different country, to review the application of the Convention and to negotiate new commitments.


This is the number of days that the COP 21 lasts: it opened on 30 November and will conclude on 11 December. The COP 21 is the largest international diplomatic conference ever organised. In 2016, the COP 22 will take place in Morocco.


France would like the final document not to exceed 20 pages. "Rather like the implementing orders for an act of legislation, it will entail setting common rules aiming to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, with each country making its own costed, funded and dated contribution to fighting climate change", explains Laurence Tubiana, France's Special Representative for the COP 21.


billion dollars: this is the amount (about €78 billion) that the States, international organisations and the private sector have committed to mobilising jointly per year, from 2020, to help developing countries to fight climate change and adapt to it.

14 00014,000

representatives of 2,000 non-governmental associations are present in the Le Bourget conference centre, where there are 200 stands, with another 120 in the Climate Generations areas.

5 0005,000

This is the number of people contributing to the organisation of the COP 21. 200 young people training for vocational baccalaureates or diplomas in tourism are completing work-experience courses with the partner companies that have organised the COP 21 (particularly RATP (the Paris public transport network), the rail operator SNCF and ADP, the Paris airports group). 400 students (from Paris 8 and Villetaneuse universities), selected for their knowledge of one or more foreign languages, are also helping to liaise with foreign delegations during the COP 21.

2 8002,800

This is the number of French police and gendarmes who are overseeing the security of the event at the COP 21 site at Le Bourget. In the context of the state of emergency, 120,000 police officers, gendarmes and soldiers are now deployed across the national territory to keep French citizens safe. Find out more about the security arrangements for the COP 21


hectares: this is the surface area of the COP 21 site at Le Bourget, to the north of Paris. It is a real "town within a city", with a post office, bank, restaurants… Some fifty French contractors, specialists in equipment installation, transport, security, catering, telecoms and power supplies, are providing services. The budget for the COP 21 is €170 million.

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