Manuel Valls at TF1 TV channel
19 February 2015

Manuel Valls: "My mission is to reform the country, to move forward"

On Tuesday 17 February, the Prime Minister appeared as a guest on the French TV channel TF1, just hours after invoking Article 49-3 of the Constitution to make the passing of the Government bill on growth, economic activity and equality of economic opportunity an issue of a vote of confidence . "It would have been a failure had the bill, which benefits the French people, the general interest, not been adopted", he said, restating that "reforms will be pursued with the authority required, with the authority of the President of the Republic, because we have a task, a mission: making France move forward".
Content published under the Government Valls II from 2014 26th August to 2016 11th February
 
When asked about the use of Article 49-3 of the Constitution, which calls for a vote of confidence, Manuel Valls explained on TF1 that he could not "allow the failure” of the bill on growth, economic activity and equality of economic opportunity. "We could not gamble with a bill as important as that presented by Emmanuel Macron, and which the French support overwhelmingly", he continued. "We need authority to rebuild the country".
 
"Given the crisis we are currently facing, the message from the French people for a number of weeks has been: rise to the occasion. Firstly, of course, to combat terrorism, to live according to our values – secularism –, to find a place for Islam in our society, to restore young people’s hope. This is what is being asked of us. And at the same time, address the real problems faced by French people: their security but also unemployment, jobs for young people, the economy, and the life of businesses", the Prime Minister explained, emphasising his "fierce determination to continue with reform, as it is in the best interests of the country".
 
"In this country a majority of people want to make things happen, to fight conservatism and inaction". "I have what it takes to continue: let there be no doubt as to my determination and the determination of the President of the Republic and the Government. We will continue with reform through to its conclusion in 2017", he stated.
 

Article 49-3

 
According to Article 49, paragraph 3, of the French Constitution, "The Prime Minister may, after deliberation by the Council of Ministers, make the passing of a Finance Bill or Social Security Financing Bill an issue of a vote of confidence before the National Assembly. In that event, the bill shall be considered passed unless a resolution of no confidence, tabled within the following twenty-four hours, is carried as provided for in the previous paragraph. In addition, the Prime Minister can resort to this procedure for one other Government or Private Members bill per session of Parliament."
 
The Prime Minister can make a bill an issue of a vote of confidence. In this case:
 
  1. Recourse to article 49-3 of the Constitution is subject to prior deliberation by the Council of Ministers.
  2. The bill is then considered to have been carried, except if a resolution of no confidence is tabled within 24 hours and signed by at least one tenth of the members of the National Assembly.
  • In the absence of a resolution of no confidence, the bill will be considered to have been passed.
  • If a resolution of no confidence is tabled, it will be discussed and voted on under the same conditions as those tabled by French MPs. If the motion is dismissed, the bill will be considered to have been passed. If the motion is successful, the bill is rejected and the Government is defeated. 
Since the constitutional review of 23 July 2008, the Government has been able to make the passing of a Finance Bill or Social Security Financing Bill and one other bill per session of Parliament an issue of a vote of confidence. Prior to said review, the Government could use this measure whenever it considered it necessary (between 1988 and 1993, the Government used article 49-3 in this manner on 39 occasions).


"We must reform without rest"

The Prime Minister appeared before the press after the intergovernmental seminar held at the Elysée, at which time he shared the G... [Read more]
1 August 2014