French landscape
20 January 2020

French Strategy for Energy and the Climate: launch of public consultations

First presented in November 2018, the French Strategy for Energy and the Climate has been modified to take account of the decisions made following the parliamentary debate on the Energy-Climate Act as well as the opinions and comments received during the consultation process.
 
Development of the strategy is now in its final stage, with the launch on 20 January 2020 of public consultations on its two components: the National Low-Carbon Strategy (SNBC), which is France's roadmap for achieving the goal of carbon neutrality by 2050, now set out in law, and the Multiannual Energy Programme (PPE), which is France's energy trajectory for the next 10 years.
 
Multiannual Energy Programme (PPE): France's energy trajectory for the next 10 years

The PPE sets the priorities for Government action in the field of energy in order to achieve the aims set out in law. It commits France to a trajectory that will enable achievement of carbon neutrality in 2050 in line with the National Low-Carbon Strategy. It sets the course for all the energy sectors that will complement each other in constituting the French energy mix in the years to come, so enabling development of a comprehensive and consistent vision of the role of energies and how they should best evolve in French society. The PPE is an operational tool that commits the public authorities to action. The next ten years will put France on the road to making the necessity of carbon neutrality feasible.


During 2019, Parliament and the Government adopted new guidelines and took further structuring measures regarding questions connected with energy and climate, including adoption of the Energy-Climate Act in September 2019, which enshrines ecological and climatic urgency in law, adoption of the Framework Mobility Act in November 2019, and the agreement reached by the Joint Committee on the Anti-Waste Act on 8 January 2020: these decisions have been integrated into the draft SNBC and PPE. A number of goals have been reinforced in compliance with the law, and new measures and decisions have been included.

The draft SNBC and PPE have been the subjects of an intensive consultation process, including a public debate organised by the National Commission for Public Debate (CNPD), collection of formal opinions from six different institutions [1], consultation with neighbouring countries and the European Commission, and organisation of a “post-debate” dialogue with the public under the aegis of the CNDP. The annual report issued by the High Council for the Climate, an independent body that monitors France's climate policy, also provided insights of use to the draft SNBC.

The new draft documents have been modified to take account of these various opinions, following their analysis, in line with legislative decisions and Government arbitration.
 
[1] The Environmental Authority for its Strategic Environmental Evaluation; the National Council for the Ecological Transition (CNTE); the High Council for Energy (CSE); the High Council for Economic Professions' (CSPE) Management Committee; the Committee of the System for Public Distribution of Electricity; and the High Council for Construction and Energy Efficiency (CSCEE).