Planet and trees

Climate Plan

On 6 July 2017, Nicolas Hulot, Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition presented the Government's Climate Plan. Drawn up at the request of the President of the Republic Emmanuel Macron and the Prime Minister Édouard Philippe, this calls on all government departments across the board to step up the pace of the energy and climate transition and of the Paris Agreement's implementation, throughout the five-year term.


Ensuring the Paris Agreement cannot be reversed

  • Make headway in environmental law: roadmaps will be sent to each Minister and France is intending to present the UN with the Global Compact for the environment as early as September 2017.
  • Drum up support among society: citizens will be able to play an active part in climate-oriented initiatives, with participatory budgeting being set up in particular.

Improving everyday life for all French citizens

  • Develop clean mobility that is accessible to everyone: financial compensation, called the "prime à la transition", will be introduced to encourage people to replace a vehicle, which does not meet the “Crit’Air” (Air Quality Certificate) standards, with a cleaner one.
  • Eradicate fuel poverty in ten years: in a bid to consign poorly insulated, energy-draining buildings to the past within a decade, the Government will offer help to tenants and owners struggling to pay their energy bills.
  • Use energy more responsibly: support will be lent to residential areas that would like to produce and use their own renewable energy sources (biogas, solar energy, etc.).
  • Make the circular economy a central feature of the energy transition: small businesses keen on making savings in terms of energy and resources will be given assistance so as to halve the amount of waste going to landfill and achieve 100% plastic recycling by 2025.

Turning away from fossil fuels and committing to a carbon-neutral approach

  • Generate carbon-free electricity: guidance solutions will be offered to the local areas concerned by the end of carbon-based electricity generation. Measures will aim at simplifying the development of marine and geothermal energy sources as well as anaerobic digestion.
  • Leave fossil fuels in the sub-soil: hydrocarbon exploration plans will be prohibited so that, by 2040, France no longer produces any oil, gas or coal.
  • Raise the price of carbon to put a fair price on pollution: taxation between diesel and petrol will be aligned and the price of carbon will go up. Low-income households will be given a helping hand in the form of the "energy voucher".
  • Achieve carbon neutrality by 2050: the Government will seek a balance between man-made emissions and the ability of ecosystems to absorb carbon. Achieving greenhouse gas emissions neutrality is an ambitious target. In world terms, only France, Sweden and Costa Rica have made this a requirement to be met.
  • Take greenhouse gas-emitting vehicles off the market by 2040: stopping sales of petrol or diesel cars will encourage car manufacturers to innovate and take the lead on this market.

Making France a leader in the green economy

  • Design future solutions together with research: bolster schemes aimed at scientific cooperation and at enhancing appeal in the key disciplines against climate change.
  • Turn Paris into the capital of green finance: the Government will ensure the promotion of responsible and green finance certifications and give thought to how greater account can be taken of climate risks in financial regulation.

Tapping into the potential of ecosystems and agriculture

  • Harness agriculture: efforts will get underway to transform our agricultural systems with a view to curtailing emissions and improving the capture and storage of carbon in the ground.
  • Adapt to climate change: a new National Plan for Adaptation to Climate Change (PNACC) will be unveiled to provide French citizens with more effective protection against extreme weather events and to build resilience among the main economic sectors so that they can better withstand climate change.
  • Stop importing products that contribute to deforestation: imports of products that are bringing about the destruction of the world's three major tropical rainforests (Amazonia, South-East Asia and Congo Basin) will be swiftly brought to a halt.

Scaling up international action on the climate

  • Support non-governmental climate advocates: France will welcome those who wish to rally to the climate cause and allow them to pursue their commitment during the COP23 and COP24 climate change conferences.
  • Assist developing countries: France pledges its full support for the recreation of the two operating entities of the Paris Agreement's financial mechanisms (Global Environmental Facility and Green Climate Fund).


The Climate Plan sets forth the Government's vision and ambition for laying the foundations of a new model of prosperity that makes more sparing use of energy and natural resources and for seizing the opportunities before us in terms of innovation, investment and job creation. It stakes out a sea change as regards the main greenhouse gas-emitting sectors: construction, transport, energy, agriculture and forestry, industry and waste. Showing solidarity with the most vulnerable and poorest segments of our society, in the North and South alike, is the golden thread running through all of the actions outlined in this plan, to ensure that no one is left by the wayside and that solutions are found for everyone.
It is an action plan for the entire five-year term, calling on all of the government departments concerned at the impetus of the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister: with that in mind, it not only sets out specific measures but also defines the main guidelines for action which will be implemented over the coming months and discussed with the stakeholders. Efforts will be made across the spectrum to ensure cooperation and drawing up of contracts with the local authorities, economic sectors concerned and civil society.


19 September 2017: four concrete measures for low-income households are presented.

6 September 2017: the bill putting an end to exploration and exploitation of conventional and unconventional hydrocarbons is presented to the Council of Ministers.

6 July 2017: the Climate Plan is presented by the Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition, Nicolas Hulot.