France's ministers Castaner (Interior) and Belloubet (Justice)
17 September 2019

Anti-Narcotics Plan

With the Plan Stup’, the Government is taking a step forward and attacking trafficking at all levels and from every angle. The Plan's 55 measures designed to meet 6 goals make it an ambitious response to counter drug trafficking.
 
Drugs are the world's biggest criminal industry. They are behind 80% of revenge killings in France as well as being a disaster for public health, with some 168,000 deaths a year worldwide directly caused by drug use.

This is why, on a visit to Marseille on 17 September 2019, Minister of Justice Nicole Belloubet, Minister of Public Action and Accounts Gérald Darmanin, Minister of the Interior Christophe Castaner and Minister of State attached to the Minister of the Interior, Laurent Nunez, presented Plan Stup', the new “National Anti-Narcotics Plan”.

The Plan is very much in line with the new Police de Sécurité du Quotidien (PSQ - “Everyday Security” Police) model, the goal of which is to adapt to each territory.

Plan Stup’ is organised into 55 measures designed to meet 6 goals:
  • improvement of knowledge of trafficking;
  •  intensification and rationalisation of the activities of services on the ground;
  • increased action against the underground economy and circuits for laundering money from drug trafficking;
  • reinforcement of seizure of criminal assets;
  • development of international cooperation;
  • reinforcement of services' capacities.
The Plan's main measures include:
  • creation of the Office Anti-Stupéfiant (OFAST – Anti-Drug Office), official sole lead agency in eliminating trafficking, which, in collaboration with the Judicial Authority, will oversee the interministerial policy against drug-trafficking (assisted by the national police and judges and organised into three divisions bringing together police officers, gendarmes and customs officers). It will be provided with 16 local branches and will enable modernisation of the organisation of drug elimination and its adaptation to traffickers' methods;
     
  • broad-scale roll-out of Cellules du renseignement opérationnel sur les stupéfiants (CROSSs – Units for Operational Intelligence on Narcotics) with a view to decompartmentalising and better collecting intelligence. Thanks to this initiative, which has been running on an experimental basis in Marseille since 2015, there has been a 15% increase in the number of traffickers imprisoned. The Government has therefore set up 28 CROSSs across large urban areas, set to become operational in late 2019.
Eliminating trafficking first of all requires knowledge of its methods and being able to anticipate their developments. This is why Plan Stup’ provides for:
  • establishment of an annual state of the threat;
  • implementation of new indicators to provide knowledge of consumers' habits and traffickers' methods, and anticipate their developments.
The prevention strategy will be reinforced in order to better protect citizens. It is also essential to shatter the “party” or “recreational” image that some drugs enjoy. Which is why an extensive national prevention campaign focusing on health risks and criminal sanctions alike will be organised, on the same model as road safety campaigns.

eliminating international networks

The global scale on which trafficking now takes place has made international cooperation all the more important, as it should enable better knowledge of and therefore more effective action against networks smuggling drugs into Europe.

This is why the Plan provides for reinforcement of partnerships with:
  • neighbouring European countries (Spain and Benelux in particular),
  • Europol and Interpol,
  • authorities of countries producing drugs or acting as transit zones (Morocco, China, India, etc.).
The Plan also provides for an increase in budgets dedicated to strategic and operational partnerships in the elimination of narcotics and money-laundering.