The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development presented a bill authorising the ratification of the amendment to the Kyoto protocol of 11 December 1997.
The Kyoto Protocol, adopted in 1997 and entered into force in 2005, is currently the only legally binding instrument whose goal is to reduce or limit greenhouse gas emissions in industrialised countries and in economies in transition. The protocol's initial application period, which covered the years 2008 to 2012, was extended for the years 2013 to 2020 by an amendment adopted in Doha on 8 December 2012.
As of 2008, the European Union introduced a legal framework for the 2020 horizon, which will allow it to reach the target it set for itself for the new period. The Energy and Climate Package does indeed provide for a 20% reduction in greenhouse gases in the EU compared to 1990 levels.
Although the Kyoto Protocol cannot curb global warming on its own, since it only covers 15% of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, with only some developed States making a fresh commitment within this framework, the new extended period is essential since it makes it possible to bridge the transition up to the adoption of a climate agreement in Paris in December 2015, which will enter into force in 2020.
Faced with the urgency to act in order to limit the average increase in the global temperature to 2°C compared to pre-industrial levels, the 195 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change are already working on the development of this future agreement which promises to be ambitious and universal.
Excerpts from the Council of Ministers