The Government has decided to replace the "heavy goods vehicles eco-tax" with a "heavy goods vehicles transit toll". Established for large transit routes, which see traffic of more than 2,500 heavy goods vehicles per day by applying the "payer user" principle, it should generate revenue in the area of €550 million per year.
After work on levelling out a plan and dialogue, leaning on the work done by parliamentary committees, the Government has decided to replace the "heavy goods vehicles eco-tax" with a "heavy goods vehicles transit toll". It will be established for heavy goods vehicles on large transit routes, which see traffic of more than 2,500 heavy goods vehicles per day. It will implement the payer user principle and will allow transport vehicles to contribute to the financing and maintenance of road infrastructures and the construction of new ones, notably rail lines and sea routes.
What vehicles will be affected?
The toll will affect heavy goods vehicles weighing more than 3.5 tonnes circulating on a network of 4,000 kilometres of national and local roads that handle considerable traffic (more than 2,500 heavy goods vehicles per day) which is largely international.
What roads will be affected?
4,000 km of national and local roads will be affected by the heavy goods vehicles transit toll. It concerns the major roads with the highest concentration of traffic, that is, which see more than 2,500 heavy goods vehicles per day.
This corresponds to the large toll-free routes crossing the country and roads running parallel to the toll roads, such as the RN4 between Paris and the east of France, and the RN10 between Bordeaux and Poitiers. These routes make it possible to complete the network of toll motorways in a coherent manner to mainly target the long distance heavy goods vehicles. Local service roads are not concerned.
In order to avoid traffic moving to local networks and the towns they run through, some 200 km of local roads will be included in the networks: departmental road 83 in Alsace, the Parisian ring road, a portion of the Centre-Europe-Atlantique Route (RCEA).
How does it work?
Lorries weighing over 3.5 tonnes will need to be equipped with a GPS device as soon as they use this network. This GPS device will determine the lorry's position, calculate the number of kilometres covered and the corresponding billing.
The rates will be calculated according to a grading scale based on an average rate of 13 Euro cents per kilometre and will depend on the level of emissions and number of the vehicle's axles. The transporters will be able to adapt their prices in order to have the beneficiaries of the transport service, that is, the loaders, contribute to the payment in accordance with the law of 28 May 2013. The overhead rate applicable to national and inter-regional trips will be in the range of 2% for the heavy goods vehicles transit toll (compared to 5.2% in the former eco-tax system).
Independent transporters, such as agricultural cooperatives, will be able to include the charges borne of the heavy goods vehicles transit toll at the bottom of their invoices.
Exempt from the heavy goods vehicles transit toll will be: agricultural vehicles and materials, vehicles dedicated to the collection of milk, fairground and circus vehicles.
€550 million in revenue expected yearly
The expected gross revenue of the heavy goods vehicles transit toll will be in the vicinity of €550 to €560 million. It will be assigned to the Financing Agency for French Transport Infrastructures (Afitf).
To cover the needs tied to the commitments the State will take on in the framework of the new generation of the State-region plan contracts, the Government will examine all the possibilities opened up by the European regulation for the funding of transport infrastructures.
The new system is presented in the finance amendment bill that will be submitted to a vote by Parliament in July.
In order to allow all professionals concerned to familiarise themselves with the new system, a trial run without payment will be established as of 1st October 2014. The system will be in actual effect as of 1st January 2015.