Disability: a priority for the five-year term

Disability affects 12 million French citizens. To improve the living conditions and resources available to our disabled fellow citizens, the Government is rolling out a comprehensive, interministerial policy which, from 2018, will lead to specific ministerial action plans being set up.
 
WHAT DOES THIS INVOLVE?
If we are to effectively change these individuals' everyday lives for the better, we need to take an across-the-board approach that embraces school, the workplace, housing, health, urban and transport accessibility as well as access to sport, culture and recreational activities.

Accessing rights more easily

The headline targets:
  • Increase the Allowance for disabled adults (AAH) in stages, to bring it up to €900 by 2019.
  • Simplify the way Département-level centres for disabled people (MDPHs) are run and improve response times.
  • Improve disabled people's access to rights in the most vulnerable local areas (Urban policy neighbourhoods and rural areas).
  • Improve the accessibility of elections and digitise election campaigning material.
  • Enhance the digital accessibility of public services.
  • Develop the use of language that is easy to read and understand in public government departments.

Receiving guidance and support throughout education, from early years childcare right up to university level

The headline targets:
  • Receive young children particularly in nurseries and pre-schools, develop access to after-school and holiday club, recreational activities and provide parenting support.
  • Improve schooling rates, particularly for children suffering from autistic problems.
  • Ensure a smoother school and medical-social pathway, avoiding abrupt ends to cycles or schemes where there are no transitional periods.
  • Support and train staff in agricultural schools in taking students with special educational needs into account.
  • Overhaul the means by which pupils are assisted and the way in which assistants are organised, and enhance the professional status of assistants to improve quality standards.
  • Give each disabled youngster the opportunity of embarking on an artistic and cultural education pathway.
  • Support admission and subject choices to increase access to higher education in all its components.
  • Improve the accessibility of courses to establish an inclusive higher education system.
  • Develop research to improve the consideration of disability in an inclusive society.

Accessing the job market and working like everyone else

The headline targets:
  • Reduce the gap between the unemployment rate among disabled people and that among non-disabled people.
  • Make it easier for public and private employers, including micro-businesses and SMEs, to recruit and retain disabled people.
  • Reform the requirement to employ disabled workers, turning it into an asset for a more people-focused, responsible and effective business.
  • Increase the skills level of jobseekers and disabled employees.
  • More effectively support and secure the transitions between Education and Employment.

Living at home and staying in good health

The headline targets:
  • Make public venues accessible and ensure that State buildings are exemplary by actively involving the Government Property Directorate (DIE).
  • Improve the allocation of social housing for rent to disabled people.
  • Develop inclusive housing.
  • Encourage the adaptation of private housing.
  • Prevent unwanted departures to Belgium and guarantee an assisted solution for everyone.
  • Accelerate the overhaul of the range of social, medical-social and healthcare services available to enable a swift and significant shift in favour of assistance (specialised  where necessary) in mainstream settings.
  • Develop health prevention among disabled people.
  • Reduce the number of avoidable hospitalisations, including emergency hospitalisations.
  • Reduce the risk of premature mortality in disabled people, including people with multiple disabilities.
  • Enhance the status of caregivers.

Playing an active part in the community: getting around and accessing recreational, sports and cultural activities

The headline targets:
  • Improve mobility via specially designed services and infrastructure.
  • Encourage the development of digital tools to help disabled people to get around.
  • "France on the move": increase the number of disabled people who exercise or play sport, right from early childhood.
  • "France on the world stage": improve France's performances at the Paralympic Games by enabling the French delegation to break into the Top 10 performing nations by 2024.
  • "France as a welcoming destination": contribute to the success and competitiveness of France as a destination by developing the "Tourisme et Handicap" (Tourism and Disability) and "Destination pour tous" (Destination for everyone) brands.
  • Develop the accessibility of cultural opportunities in all their dimensions (the performing arts, audiovisual formats, cinema, books, reading and heritage, etc.).
  • Develop access to artistic practice for disabled people within both cultural organisations and reception institutions in the medical-social sector.
  • Help to change the perception of disability through the "Culture et Handicap" (Culture and Disability) seal of approval, as well as efforts involving the media.
 
WHY?


The legislative and regulatory framework governing disability is now well established, but it is no less complex for all that, and too often leads to operation in silos. The Government is working hard to achieve more cross-functional coordination and to simplify the situation as much as possible by coming up with solutions based on individual needs and on the expertise of disabled people themselves, as well as their close supportive circle. These efforts will be undertaken in conjunction with all of the ministries and stakeholders – not least the local authorities. Simplifying access to rights and improving quality of service will be the guidelines underpinning the implementation of this policy.
 
ACTION TAKEN
24 October 2017: As chairman of the CNCPH (National Advisory Council for Disabled People), Dominique Gillot has been requested by the Government to find ways to improve the initial and continued employment of disabled people, and those who assist them. The findings of this mission will be presented in March 2018 to provide material, if required, for the drawing up of a bill on apprenticeship and professional training.

20 September 2017: first Interministerial Committee for Disability (CIH) meeting of the five-year term, on the theme "Living with a disability on a daily basis”.

6 July 2017: the 4th Autism Plan was officially launched at the Élysée Palace. With the Ministers for Solidarity and Health, Agnès Buzyn, National Education, Jean-Michel Blanquer and Higher Education, Research and Innovation, Frédérique Vidal, in joint attendance, the commitment to taking a cross-government approach to the problem of autism was clearly in evidence. Sophie Cluzel, Minister of State for Disabled People, stressed the importance of working together with associations of users and their families so that full account can be taken of their collective expertise in the field. Five key work strands will inform discussions:
  1. Including autistic young people and children in education: access to learning, from infant school right through to higher education level, as well as vocational training. 
  2. Including autistic adults in society and ensuring they can exercise their citizenship to the full (including access to jobs and housing).
  3. Support for families, meeting their needs and taking their expertise on board across all pathways and access to healthcare. 
  4. Research, innovation and university education.
  5. The quality of measures carried out, training of professionals and guidance provided in terms of change management.
Talks will be held in local areas and through national workgroups until the end of 2017.  

7 June 2017: statement to the Council of Ministers